What is MAKOplasty?
MAKOplasty® is a patient-specific, robotic arm procedure for partial knee and total hip replacements. It is designed to relieve pain caused by joint degeneration. By targeting only the damaged part of the knee, your surgeon can repair the knee while sparing healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it. In hip cases, the robotic arm helps provide unprecedented surgical accuracy. This technology is a proven success, with over 37,000 partial knee and 5,500 hip surgeries already performed nationwide, with tremendous outcomes.
Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System (RIO)
The RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System features computerized three-dimensional, pre-surgical planning. During surgery, a robotic arm uses computer-guided mapping software, similar to GPS, integrated into the surgical instruments to ensure exactness, within 0.2mm accuracy. It is this optimal placement that results in more natural knee and hip motion after surgery.
RIO® assists the surgeon in restoring natural body motion and results in a level of precision that was previously unattainable with conventional instrumentation. The RIO System:
- Accurately plans, orients and aligns the implant procedure utilizing CT-derived 3-D modeling
- Enables restoration of natural body movement by tracking full flexion and extensions prior to surgery
- Provides real-time adjustments during surgery to correct for body movement and soft-tissue balance
- Is minimally invasive and bone sparing, with minimal tissue trauma for faster recovery
MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing
Unlike more invasive procedures, MAKOplasty is usually performed through a four- to six-inch incision over your knee with small incisions in both your femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin). Additionally, preserving your own natural bone and tissue, along with accurate implant positioning, results in a more natural feeling knee. Because healthy bone is preserved, patients who undergo MAKOplasty partial knee procedures may remain candidates for total knee replacement later in life, if necessary.
The MAKOplasty procedure is ideal for patients suffering from unicompartmental or bicompartmental knee disease. A total replacement is sometimes necessary if your surgeon discovers, during surgery, that your knee has more damage than originally seen in the pre-operative X-rays and CT scans. MAKOplasty Partial Knee Resurfacing can:
Your physician should discuss with you the specific risks associated with MAKOplasty and other treatment options. Your surgeon or his staff should inform you of any pre-operative and post-operative instructions.
- Enable surgeons to precisely resurface only the arthritic portion of the knee
- Preserve healthy tissue and bone
- Facilitate optimal implant positioning to result in a more natural feeling knee following surgery
- Result in a more rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay than traditional total knee replacement surgery
As a knee arthroplasty (repair) procedure, Medicare insurers typically cover MAKOplasty – check with your private health insurers for details. In some cases, it may be performed in an outpatient setting depending on what your surgeon determines is the right course of treatment for you.
Download Mako Knee Education Guide
Download Mako Knee Pre-Op Guide
MAKOplasty Total Hip Arthroplasty
For patients suffering non-inflammatory or inflammatory degenerative joint disease of the hip who no longer respond to non-surgical treatment, total hip arthroplasty (THA) is often recommended. Yet, despite its safety and long-term outcomes, 90% of total hip arthroplasty (replacement) patients decline surgery.
Conventional hip replacement relies on instrumentation guides or visual assessment for bone preparation and implant alignment. Poorly placed or misaligned implants can lead to damage, wear or dislocation.
Using highly advanced, surgeon-controlled robotic technology, MAKOplasty eliminates much of the guesswork of manual hip replacement. The results are more consistently reproducible and more accurate. This maximizes the opportunity for patient satisfaction, and may increase the lifespan of the hip implant.
The MAKOplasty Hip Procedure
MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement, powered by the surgeon-controlled RIO®, enables surgeons to plan and perform the procedure with consistently reproducible precision.
Patient-Specific Pre-operative Planning
Using the patient’s CT scan, a 3-D model is created to specifically plan the procedure for each patient’s unique anatomy, considering implant size, orientation, and the center of rotation for the acetabular cup and hip stem.
Real-Time Intra-Operative Adjustments
Real-time data enables surgeons to fine-tune implant positioning and placement to optimize results.
Surgeon-Controlled Robotic Arm
The RIO system provides 3-D visualization, auditory, and tactile feedback, which ensures accurate bone preparation and implant placement.
MAKOplasty Hip Benefits
MAKOplasty Total Hip Arthroplasty offers the following key benefits over conventional manual procedures:
Download Mako Hip Education Guide
- More Accurate Cup Placement - MAKOplasty enables pelvic cup alignment within 5 degrees of center of rotation and within 2mm of the surgical plan. This reduces potential for impingement, wear and dislocation. Impingement is the #1 cause of failure in total hip arthroplasty.
- More Accurate Leg Length Restoration - MAKOplasty enables leg length restoration accuracy within 3mm of plan, reducing potential for discomfort and walking complications.
Download Mako Hip Pre-Op Guide